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Difference Between Indica and Sativa and Hybrid Cannabis

Major Differences Between Indica and Sativa and Hybrid Cannabis

Suppose you have ever contacted the marijuana market. In that case, you should know that cannabis strains are divided into three categories, known as Indica, Sativa, and hybrids. Each of these subspecies of marijuana has specific properties. Most users use these terms as labels to describe the effects experienced with a particular strain. However, the types of marijuana differ in many things more than in their effects: their appearance, characteristics of buds, yields, and other aspects that are also relevant. In this blog, we’ll teach you everything you need to know about the difference between indica and sativa and hybrid as well as their effects, aroma, flavor, and other particular qualities of Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid.


How do you identify an Indica cannabis?

History says that the Indica varieties originated in the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan. Indicas are recognized for many peculiarities in their appearance. These plants grow to small sizes and with bushy patterns, unlike the Indicas. Those growers interested in growing highly productive varieties will be satisfied with the Indicas, as they are the ones who manage to produce the largest crops.

Most people who enjoy the effects of Indica do so for their ability to calm and relax their body and mind. Among medicated marijuana users, Indicas are known to be effective in relieving pain and inflammation. Thanks to their narcotic (sedative) effects, they are also widely used to treat insomnia problems and sleep disorders. The relaxing effects of the Indica strains make them perfect for the evening hours or for those days when we are free from responsibilities.

What are the characteristics of a Sativa?

Cannabis Sativa is native to Central and South America. It is the type of cannabis known for its uplifting, euphoric, and cerebral effects, perfect for socializing, creating, and providing physical and mental energy to help us stop procrastinating.

The appearance of a cannabis Sativa is easy to differentiate from an Indica due to its slim and slim outline. The best Sativa strains can grow up to 20 feet tall, with leaves that tend to be longer and thinner than those of an Indica plant. However, its productivity level is lower than that of the Indicas.

Sativa strains are popular for their opposite effects to Indica. Instead of calming and relaxing, Sativas offer us an instant injection of uplifting energy focused on the brain. Within the medical marijuana community, People commonly use Sativa strains for the treatment of depression and anxiety. Thanks to the testimonies of all those who have benefited from the relief of symptoms associated with these diseases.

What are the differences between a cannabis heirloom and a landrace?

The first thing we have to clarify is both are American terms (in English) used to refer to the same type of cannabis that is cultivated in its place of origin (landrace), or that has been transferred to another place for its cultivation (heirloom).

When considering what Indica and Sativa’s pure strains are, it is important to understand ​​what a landrace and an heirloom are clearly.

Cannabis is an ancient plant that developed naturally in different parts of the world. Landrace varieties are considered pure Indica or Sativa varieties developed within their own climatic and geographic environment.

Indica landrace varieties have their origins in India and Central Asia, specifically in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Tibet, and northern India. Some of the most recognized landrace Indicas are:

  • Hindu Kush (includes the entire Hindu Kush mountain area)
  • Afghani (Afghanistan)
  • Mazar / Sharif (Afghanistan)
  • Lashkar Gah (Afghanistan)

Sativa landrace varieties have their origins near the equator, in countries like Mexico, Jamaica, Thailand, South India, and Africa. The powerful sun and long summers in these regions were responsible for the evolution of some Sativa varieties such as:

  • Durban Poison (South Africa)
  • Acapulco Gold (Mexico)
  • Lamb’s Bread (Jamaica)
  • Columbian Gold (Colombia)
  • Panama Red (Panama)

Heirloom varieties are simply landrace varieties that have been taken from their birth zone to be cultivated in other parts of the world. Heirlooms are pure Indica or Sativa that have tended to lose some of their exclusive properties due to their transfer to other regions.

How do you distinguish an Indica from a Sativa?

The Indica and Sativa varieties are quite different in appearance, making it easy to distinguish between two specimens simply by looking closely at each one.

Due to their origins in the Middle East’s dry climates, the Indicas developed small, compact, and bushy. Indica is ideal for growing indoors because of its 1-2 meters height ranging. The leaves of these plants are broad and small, and they tend to develop a much deeper green hue than that of Sativas.

Sativas have become accustomed to equatorial climatic conditions, where the environment is hot and humid, and they are credited with easily adapting to these difficult tropical conditions. Sativas grow up to 20 feet tall and have a slimmer (slimmer) appearance than Indica strains. Its leaves are long and thin and are much lighter in color than its counterpart.

Buds: the difference between Indica and Sativas

There is a big difference between the buds’ characteristics and the yield levels obtained from an Indica and a Sativa at harvest. Indica and Sativa’s buds are identical to each strain’s structure: they can be long and thin, Sativa, or dense and compact, from Indica.

As the development of her scheme, a Sativa bud’s physiognomy is thin and long, much less compact than an Indica bud. Sativa varieties produce fewer yields than Indica varieties, and, besides, their flowering takes longer. Sativa buds may appear larger than Indica buds. However, their weight is below these.

difference between indica and sativa and hybrid

difference between indica and sativa and hybrid

Indica strains are very popular with growers as they typically offer higher yields within a shorter flowering period. The buds of the Indica are much denser than those of the Sativas. Moreover, they also have a wider and fuller structure. When dried, Indica buds retain much more weight than Sativa buds.

Is there a difference between Indica and Sativa terpenes?

The distinctive aroma of all marijuana strains depends on their terpene profile. Terpenes are aromatic molecules in cannabis and other plants that cause its aroma and flavor profile and the aromatherapy effects of marijuana plants.

Indica varieties smell more earthy. The classic “skunk” aroma of cannabis is typical of the Indicas. Pine is another flavor and aroma affiliated with Indica varieties. However, many tend to develop a powerful sweet and fruity taste. Alpha-pinene is the most common terpene among Indica varieties, found in many pine and sage varieties and rosemary.

Sativa varieties are known for their intense and spicy aroma. As a consequence of their geographical origins, sativa strains have tropical, fruity, or citrus tastes, and the famous “diesel gasoline” note that has made many marijuana popular. Limonene is a prominent terpene among many Sativa marijuana, abundant in citrus fruits such as lemon, lime, and orange.

How do the effects of an Indica and a Sativa differ?

Aside from their appearance and aroma differences, one of the most notable discrepancies between Indica and Sativa strains is their effects. The effect of an Indica and a Sativa is quite different as each offers different sensations and benefits. Here is a detailed description of the effects of Indica and Sativas.

Sensations and benefits in the effects of an Indica

Indica strains of cannabis are associated with feelings of deep relaxation and calm. This marijuana is great for slowing down your thinking and transporting the body into a state of total rest. Indica strains are famous for their “high” effect. That’s why people call it “couch-lock” in English. Since it has an accumulation of relaxing and beneficial sensations for the last hours of the day, it is good to calm down and forget everything.

Sativas: an instant energy boost

Sativas have the opposite effects of Indica and are famous for producing uplifting feelings that invoke huge energy and euphoric happiness. Likewise, they are great for increasing creative thoughts, socializing, and physical activities, so, as you can see, the best time to consume them is during the day. Sativa varieties are associated with purely cerebral sensations, while Indica varieties are usually related to the body’s effects.

What is the average THC and CBD content between Indica and Sativa strains?

There is speculation that the Indica and Sativa varieties have different effects due to their THC and CBD amounts. It is well known that THC levels can vary depending on the type of variety, but this has nothing to do with whether it is an Indica or a Sativa.

Lab tests indicate that in terms of THC levels, Indica and Sativas are the same, with an average THC level of 17.6%. The CBD content in high-THC strains is low, with 1% to 4% CBD reported among high-THC strains. Strains that contain more than 4% CBD are labeled high in CBD.

Is it true that both Indica and Sativas have medicinal effects? 

Both Indica and Sativas are popular for their medicinal benefits, with a list of specific health use depending on the type of variety consumed. Marijuana-medicated patients select between different strains to get the medical benefits they need.

When it comes to some particular medical conditions, Sativas are often best for treating situations like depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress. On the other hand, we can use Indicas to treat conditions such as pain and inflammation. Thanks to its sedative effects, Indicas are one of the best options for those who have insomnia.

When choosing between Sativas and Indicas to relieve pain or between an Indica or a Sativa to treat depression, it is important to consider the patient’s clinical picture when deciding. Depression and anxiety, for example, come hand in hand with physical pain and insomnia. As each condition carries its symptoms, many marijuana-medicated patients prefer to use combinations of Indica and Sativa to achieve the desired effects.

Are there differences between growing Indica and Sativa?

There is a little difference between the growing process for an Indica and a Sativa when it comes to growing.

Due to their small and shrubby structure, Indicas are often the preferred varieties for indoor growers. Being grown outdoors, this type of marijuana prefers cold environments with short summers. Once flowering has started, Indica varieties increase in size by more than 50%, but, in general, they are not exceeded in size due to their genetic history.

On the contrary, Sativa varieties are the best to grow outdoors due to their tendency to grow quite large. Once flowering starts, Sativas will proliferate and increase in size throughout the flowering stage until harvest. Sativas can gain between 200% and 300% of their dimensions during flowering.

A cannabis plant’s life cycle can range from 14 to 32 weeks (approximately 4 to 8 months). The variable that most impacts the global growth time is the extension of the vegetative phase. Indoor growers can manipulate the vegetation and flowering phases’ duration by adjusting the light cycle. At the same time, those growing outdoors will depend on the hours of sunshine.

Vegetation period: differences and similarities

When considering Indica and Sativa’s vegetation duration, everything will depend on the number of light hours they receive. If grown outdoors, both types of marijuana will stay longer during vegetation, the closer you live to the equator.

The vegetative period of Indica and Sativas can be between 3 and 16 weeks, depending on how much light the plants receive. You should subject them to at least 18 hours of light per day to keep plants in the vegetative phase. Moreover, they should be changed to 12 hours when you are ready to start the flowering period.

Flowering period: the birth of the buds

When it comes to the flowering period, Sativa strains tend to take longer to flower than Indica strains. The flowering period for Indica varieties takes approximately 6 to 9 weeks. In comparison, Sativa varieties remain in the same phase for 11 to 12 weeks. However, some rare Sativa varieties can take up to 20 weeks to finish flowering.

What are the most famous Indica and Sativas?

The modern science of marijuana breeding has generated an unlimited number of varieties. Although pure Indica or Sativa strains are difficult to come by, growers’ great genetic breeding efforts have produced much marijuana with mixed effects of Indica and Sativa. The following Sativa and Indica strains are the most popular you can find:

The most famous Indicas:

The most recognized Sativas:

What is hybrid cannabis?

Most marijuana strains are a mix between Sativa and Indica, a type of genetics known as Hybrid. So what would be the difference between Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid? It all comes down to the contained effects and the dominance of indica or sativa genes.

Hybrid cannabis is a combination of Indica and Sativa strains. The hybrid dominance indica are varieties that have a prevalence of genes indicated. While Indica-dominant hybrids do have a few cerebral effects due to their presence of Sativa genes, for the most part, the effects are more akin to a pure Indica.

Sativa dominance strains are strains where Sativa genetics prevail. This type of marijuana offers mostly energetic and uplifting effects.

A balanced hybrid contains a balanced genetic ratio between Indica and Sativa. These hybrids are strains that offer the best of both worlds, perfectly combining the relaxing effects of Indica with the energetic injections and uplifting effects of Sativas.

List of the most popular hybrid marijuana

Hybrid strains are not only popular with cannabis users; they are also very famous worldwide. Many of the varieties that have been crossed for many years have a cross between Indica and Sativa. While some contain mostly Indica-type effects, others contain effects more on the Sativa side, depending on the type of strains they have used for their breeding. The following hybrid strains are the most popular on the marijuana market:

Indica, Sativa, or Hybrid?

Have you decided which one you want? Knowing the differences between Indicas, Sativas, and hybrids makes it easier to choose. You can decide which strains best suits your needs if you wish to grow cannabis or enjoy its effects.

If you experiment with each other, it will easier to determine which varieties you will choose based on your needs. It will be to decide which varieties to choose based on your needs. Knowledge is power. Suppose it’s about making a decision based on the differences in cultivation or the effects of Indica and Sativas. In these circumstances, this article will give you the necessary knowledge you need.


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